Glaucoma in Medicine Hat, AB

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Don’t Lose Sight of Your Eye Health

Glaucoma is a progressive eye disease that causes damage to the optic nerve, most often through increased intraocular pressure. However, there is a form of glaucoma that damages the optic nerve without increased internal eye pressure. Glaucoma is one of the leading causes of blindness in adults over 60, and vision loss due to glaucoma can’t be reversed.

Early detection of glaucoma is essential for protecting your eyesight and eye health. Glaucoma can occur at any age, with no obvious early warning signs. Comprehensive eye exams are the only way to identify glaucoma before it causes permanent damage.

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Types of Glaucoma

There are several types of glaucoma, but the two most common types are open-angle and angle-closure. Some people experience normal-tension glaucoma – a form of glaucoma where the intraocular pressure is within the normal range, but there is still damage to the optic nerve. The exact reason is unknown, although it could be associated with sensitive optic nerves or high blood pressure.

Open-angle glaucoma, also known as primary or chronic glaucoma, is the most common form of glaucoma. It occurs when the fluid in your eyes (the aqueous humor) is being prevented from draining properly, resulting in increased intraocular pressure. This form of glaucoma progresses slowly.

Symptoms aren’t noticeable until the disease has advanced and has likely caused partial vision loss or blindness. When they do materialize, symptoms include patchy blind spots in your peripheral or central vision and tunnel vision.

Angle-closure glaucoma, also known as acute glaucoma or narrow-angle glaucoma, is less common than open-angle glaucoma and comes on suddenly and painfully. It occurs when the iris expands outwards and blocks the drainage canals, resulting in sudden intraocular pressure.

Symptoms are very noticeable and include severe headache, eye pain, nausea, vomiting, blurred vision, light halos, and eye redness.

Angle-closure glaucoma is an eye emergency. If you are experiencing any of the above symptoms, call us immediately.

Testing for Glaucoma

Every comprehensive eye exam includes a test for glaucoma. The best way to prevent glaucoma is to follow the schedule for regular eye exams.

We use both non-contact tonometry and Goldmann applanation tonometry to test for glaucoma.

The NCT test, or the “air puff test,” uses a small puff of air to give us a reading of the internal pressure of your eye. While NCT is a good screening tool for glaucoma, it’s not as accurate as other forms of tonometry. It is painless and quick, however, so most people do prefer it.

The Goldmann applanation tonometry test uses a slit lamp and tonometer to measure the internal pressure of your eye. The tip of the tonometer is placed gently against your cornea, which flattens it just a little, allowing the device to detect the pressure in your eye.

Your eyes are numbed with drops prior to this, so you won’t feel any pain.

Glaucoma is a serious and dangerous eye disease and early detection is key. Regular eye exams are essential to early detection, so please book your appointment with us today.

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Where to Find Us

We are easy to locate and have ample parking. You can find us on Dunmore Road, between TD Wealth and Moxie’s.

Our Address

3094 Dunmore Rd. SE
Medicine Hat, AB T1B 2X2

Our Phone Number

Phone: 403-526-4849

Our Hours

8 AM5 PM
8 AM5 PM
8 AM5 PM
8 AM7:30 PM
8 AM5 PM

*7AM-8AM exams available by appointment

Our Eye Care Services

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