Age-Related Macular Degeneration
Age-related macular degeneration (AMD) is the deterioration of the macula, the part of the retina responsible for central vision, that occurs naturally as part of the aging process. AMD causes your central vision to appear blurry while your peripheral vision remains largely unchanged.
AMD is the leading cause of blindness in adults over 55 in North America. Those who smoke, have high blood pressure, UV damage, or a family history of AMD are at a higher risk of developing AMD.
There are two types of AMD:
- Dry AMD is the most common form of AMD and is caused by the gradual thinning of the macula that slowly leads to impaired vision. Dry AMD can develop into wet AMD over time
- Wet AMD is the sudden leaking or bleeding of weak blood vessels below the macula into the retina. Wet AMD accounts for about 10% of AMD cases and develops rapidly
Protecting your eyes from UV radiation and living a healthy lifestyle is important when it comes to prevention of AMD. Additionally, regular eye exams can detect early signs of AMD even before symptoms develop. Call us to schedule a comprehensive eye exam and reduce your chances of developing AMD.